Why should I even do skincare?
What's Your Skin Type?Everyone's skin is unique, which is why there is no single solution to any problem and it is important to keep an experimental mindset when building your routine. Determining your skin type will help you take the first step to evaluating the treatments that are right for you. The five major skin types are:
Those with normal skin have a good balance of oil and moisture. They are not prone to breakouts and generally have firm, healthy skin with minimal wrinkles.
Dry skin tends to feel tight due to a lack of oil and moisture. You may notice some flaking or itching up close in the mirror. You may also see fine lines where your skin pinches.
Oily skin will appear shiny/glowy throughout the day. Those with oily skin are prone to larger pores and acne.
Those with combination skin experience both oiliness and dryness, sometimes due to changes throughout the seasons. Others will have an oily T-zone but dry cheek area.
Those with sensitive skin tend to flush easily and are prone to rashes, redness, bumps, and may react negatively to certain skincare products. If you have sensitive skin, you need to choose your products carefully.
Not sure which category you fall in? You can find out by using blotting papers. Apply the blotting papers to your face -- if the paper is completely saturated with oil, you have oily skin. If the paper shows little to no oil, you likely have dry skin.
3 Major Benefits of SkincareIf your skin is a bit dry or somewhat shiny, or you experience some mind acne in young adulthood and wrinkles over time, these conditions are mostly normal and can often be treated with off-the-shelf products. If you experience excessive dryness, acne, rashes, dark patches, or if your skin reacts poorly to certain products, it may be time to consult a professional dermatologist. To build a basic off-the-shelf routine, take advantage of 3 major benefits skincare products can deliver: Cleansing
Everyday your skin collects dirt, bacteria, and sweat. A cleanser helps remove dead skin cells, makeup, oil and other pollutants from your face. Cleaning off all that gunk helps unclogs your pores and prevents build up of agents that can lead to acne, blackheads, whiteheads, and more.
A good moisturizer brings hydration and nourishment to the skin. Common ingredients in moisturizers include: occlusives -- whose job is to block water evaporation and hold moisture in, humectants -- which sponge up water from the air and the deeper dermis layer of your skin, and emollients -- which help the skin feel smooth.
The sun emits harmful UV radiation that causes sunburn. Even worse, radiation can penetrate deep inside skin cells, damaging the DNA and resulting in mutations which can lead to serious diseases such as skin cancer. Luckily, sunscreen works by physically blocking these rays and reflecting them away from your skin, or chemically absorbing them.
A Sample RoutineMorning
- Cleanse with water
- Put on moisturizer
- Put on sunscreen
- Clean with cleanser
- Put on moisturizer
Next StepsSkincare products generally need a few weeks to take effect, so don't be discouraged if you don't see results immediately. If something isn't working after a few weeks, try switching products out slowly and one at a time. Once you have the basics nailed, you can experiment with treatments for specific problems and more advanced concerns such as aging and dark under eyes.